CentOS-7 : Commands and Configuration files

CentOS-7 is now powered by version 3.10.0 of the Linux kernel, with advanced support for Linux Containers and XFS (is a high-performance 64-bit journaling file system) as the default file system. It’s also the first version of CentOS to include the systemd management engine, the firewalld dynamic firewall system, and the GRUB2 boot loader.
CentOS 7 supports 64 bit x86 machines. MySQL has been switched with MariaDB.

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Data recovery using Scalpel and Foremost

Data recovery is the process of salvaging and handling the data through the data from damaged, failed, corrupted, or inaccessible secondary storage media when it cannot be accessed normally.  The data is recoverable because the information is not immediately removed from the disk.

Nowadays many tools are available for recovering lost data. Two of the most popular tool available are Scalpel and Foremost.

In this article, let’s see how to recover lost data using these tools. Continue reading…

Advantages of using lighttpd over Apache in VPS or low memory servers

Lighttpd is an open-source web server which is more optimized for speed-critical environments than common products. It is a high quality lightweight web server which is well suited for hosting dynamic content websites. It supports CGI, FastCGI, SCGI and HTTP protocols.

  • Lighttpd is a secure, light, fast and very flexible web server which is designed and optimized for high-performance environments.
  • This web server can be used in a low memory servers, because it uses very low amount of main memory than other web servers such as Apache and nginx. That is, lighttpd occupies a different, low-resources area in the memory/CPU.
  • Lighttpd is an asynchronous server. ie, It runs as single process with a single thread and non-blocking I/O and thus there won’t be much overload issues.
  • It is the efficient web server to be used if we have more number of connections since it takes care of the CPU load. And it is the best solution if the server has load issues.

Apache is a process based server. ie, Each simultaneous connection requires a thread and which in turn results significant overhead in the server. If there is a low volume of connections then there isn’t much difference between these three web servers such as httpd, lighttpd and nginx.

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Configure Amazon backup on WHM

Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3), provides developers and IT teams with secure, durable, highly-scalable object storage. Amazon S3 is easy to use, with a simple web services interface to store and retrieve any amount of data from anywhere on the web.

This article is explain about of how to take cPanel backup to amazon s3.

First thing you need to setup your S3 server and create a bucket to dump stuff in. Get your secret key ID and access ID by the following steps.

1. Login to your Amazon S3 account (https://console.aws.amazon.com/console/home) or create for a new account from the http://aws.amazon.com/console/. Continue reading…