The Internet Protocol (IP) is a data-oriented protocol that allows multiple hosts to talk to each other across network connections. Data in an IP network are sent in blocks referred to as packets or datagrams. They typically have a source host, destination host, and source and destination ports associated with the communication. Layered on top of the IP protocol are other protocols. These are typically transport layers. There are two main transport protocols that are heavily used. The transmission control protocol (TCP) is a stateful delivery mechanism that makes a best effort to deliver the packets requested. If the first attempt fails, multiple attempts are made to route and deliver the packet. This protocol is very good at delivering text files that can not tolerate data corruption. With this protocol, clients have the ability to request redelivery of packets that were not properly received and can handle our of order delivery of packets. This protocol is very good for applications like patch delivery, email, network file shares, and web pages. It is not very good for delivery of streaming video or voice over IP applications. Continue reading…